Computing / Logic / Mathematics / Philosophy / Physics,

The Paradox of Natural Laws and Its Resolution

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Introduction and Overview In an earlier article, I described the problem of computing in nature, namely that scientific laws employ mathematical formulae, but it is not clear how these formulae are being calculated in nature. The reasons for this are historical and date back to Newton’s formulation of the three […]

Computing / Logic / Mathematics / Philosophy, , ,

Sāńkhya, Reductionism, and New Science

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Introduction and Overview Many people believe modern science is reductionist and an alternative anti-reductionist science must replace it. This article discusses why Sāńkhya is reductionist—because it reduces everything to only three modes of nature (sattva, rajas, and tamas). It also discusses why Sāńkhya is anti-reductionist—because the first mode of nature in […]

Computing / Mathematics / Overview / Philosophy / Physics, , ,

Computers and the Mind – What’s the Difference?

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Introduction and Overview This article discusses the widespread notion that the mind is some kind of computer; that the computer is able to represent knowledge, and this knowledge can be about the world. As we will see, this notion is silly, although people—who are either not physicists, mathematicians, or computer engineers, […]

Biology / Computing / Mathematics / Physics, ,

Evolution and Mechanism – Are They Compatible?

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Introduction and Overview A computer is a canonical example of a machine. Every machine can be described by a mathematical theory, and every mathematical theory can be automated on a computer. Therefore if you could describe something mathematically, you could also automate it in a computer. People often suppose that […]